Alabama courts hold that it's in a minor child's best interest to have regular, continuing contact with both of their parents. This means that they will tend to award joint custody whenever possible. This is true of both physical custody and legal custody.
Physical custody, of course, refers to where a child resides and is closely linked to visitation issues and parenting plans. Legal custody, on the other hand, determines what parent makes important decisions about a child's upbringing, including where they attend school, go to church, and receive medical care. Although it's usually the court's preference to grant joint custody, there may be circumstances under which a court chooses to award sole physical and/or legal custody instead. This includes not only situations in which child abuse, drug use, or other unacceptable behavior is involved, but also those in which one of the parents is concerned. Some of which may be that of objection to joint custody, proving unable to communicate respectfully with the other parent concerned, inability to foster a harmonious relationship between their child and the other parent, and living too far away from the other parent